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USDA Cattle and Sheep

31 January 2014

USDA Cattle - 31 January 2014USDA Cattle - 31 January 2014


January 1 Cattle Inventory Down 2 Percent

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2014 totaled 87.7 million head, 2 percent below the 89.3 million on January 1, 2013. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since the 82.1 million on hand in 1951.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 38.3 million, were down 1 percent from the 38.5 million on January 1, 2013. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cows and heifers that have calved since the 36.8 million head in 1941.

• Beef cows, at 29.0 million, were down 1 percent from January 1, 2013.

• Milk cows, at 9.2 million, unchanged from January 1, 2013.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2014 and the change from January 1, 2013, are as follows:

• All heifers 500 pounds and over, 18.8 million, down 2 percent.

• Beef replacement heifers, 5.5 million, up 2 percent.

• Milk replacement heifers, 4.5 million, unchanged.

• Other heifers, 8.7 million, down 5 percent.

• Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 15.4 million, down 3 percent.

• Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.0 million, down 1 percent.

• Calves under 500 pounds, 13.3 million, down 4 percent.

• Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 12.7 million, down 5 percent.

• The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 24.7 million, down 3 percent.

Calf Crop Down 1 Percent

The 2013 calf crop was estimated at 33.9 million head, down 1 percent from 2012. This is the smallest calf crop since the 33.7 million born during 1949. Calves born during the first half of 2013 are estimated at 24.7 million, down 1 percent from 2012.


All inventory and calf crop estimates for January 1, 2013 were reviewed using calf crop, official slaughter, import and export data, and the relationship of new survey information to the prior surveys. Based on the findings of this review, small adjustments of less than one-half percent were made to previously released inventory estimates by class.

State level estimates were reviewed and changes were made to reallocate inventory estimates to the United States total.

Published by USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)

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